NGINX完整全配置


之前的一些零碎的nginx配置,本文收集一下,基本上涉及所有配置项,用的时候删除不需要的即可;

server {
    listen       80;
    #listen       0.0.0.0:80;

    #listen       [::]:443;
    #listen       localhost:443;
    #listen       0.0.0.0:443 ssl;
    #ssl_certificate      cert/com.example.www.pem;
    #ssl_certificate_key  cert/com.example.www.key;
    #ssl_session_cache    shared:SSL:1m;
    #ssl_session_timeout  5m;
    #ssl_ciphers  HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
    #ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;

    server_name  www.example.com example.com;
    set $package 'com.example.www';

    root /datas/website/$package/public;
    index index.php index.html index.htm;

    #access_log  /datas/logs/nginx/access.$package.log;
    error_log   /datas/logs/nginx/error.$package.log;

    ##redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
    #error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
    #location = /50x.html {
    #    root   html;
    #}

    ##sub domain auto redirect to www
    if ($host != 'www.example.com') {
        rewrite ^/(.*)$ http://www.example.com/$1 permanent;
    }

    ##cdn file rewrite proxy
    #location /temps/ {
    #    proxy_pass  http://cdn.example.com/temps/;
    #}

    ##proxy api to an api server
    #location /api/{
    #    proxy_pass  https://api.example.com/;
    #}

    ##deny version control files
    #location ~ .*.(svn|git|cvs){deny all;}

    ## html no cache
    #location ~.*\.(html)$ {
    #    add_header 'Cache-Control' 'private,no-store,no-cache,must-revalidate,proxy-revalidate';
    #}
    #location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf)$ {
    #    expires      7d;
    #}
    #location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$ {
    #    expires      12h;
    #}

    ##pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
    location ~ \.php$ {
        fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_index  index.php;
        fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_NAME         $fastcgi_script_name;
        #fastcgi_param  PHP_VALUE  "open_basedir=./:$document_root/../:/tmp/:/var/lib/php/";
        include        fastcgi_params;
    }


    ##framwork rewrite
    location / {
        if (!-e $request_filename) {
            rewrite  ^(.*)$  /index.php?s=/$1  last;
        }
    }
}

如果涉及到http到https的跳转,需要用到:

server {
    listen       222.222.222.222:80;
    server_name  www.example.com example.com;
    #rewrite ^/(.*)$ https://www.example.com/ last;
    return 301 https://www.example.com$request_uri;
}

部分配置项析译:
rewrite 指令
语法结构:rewrite regex replacement [flag]
语法说明:重写指令匹配URL正则表达式/正则表达式内容替换成/flag标记

flag取值:last匹配完成后继续匹配,break匹配完成不匹配后面规则,redirect返回302临时重定向,parmanent返回301永久重定向

一般的thinkphp或laravel或yii2都需要配置重写,如果资源不存在则自动通过rewrite交给index.php处理。
如:rewrite ^(.*)$ /index.php?s=/$1 last;


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